Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums around your teeth. It is caused by irritation from plaque buildup. If plaque is not removed by brushing, flossing and regular dental care, it can lead to gingivitis (an early sign of gum disease).
There are 4 stages of gum disease:
What are the signs of gum disease?
- Gingivitis – swollen and red gums with occasional bleeding
- Early Periodontitis – inflammation, bone loss and bleeding gums
- Moderate Periodontitis – inflammation, bone loss and tooth mobility
- Advanced Periodontitis – increased bone loss with increased mobility and eventual loss of one or more teeth.
How can you prevent gum disease?
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Swollen, red and tender gums
- Loose teeth
- Difficulty in chewing or biting food
- Maintain good oral hygiene (brushing twice daily and flossing once daily)
- Maintain a proper and balanced diet
- Avoid smoking
- Visit your dentist regularily for cleanings